By Nathalie Munier-Jolain, Veronique Biarnes, Isabelle Chaillet
This booklet was once written either through researchers from various disciplines andplant physiologists who've been operating jointly for a few years at the construction of crops wealthy in proteins in France and in Europe. It offers the present prestige of data at the body structure of the pea crop. content material: Vegetative improvement: the morphogenesis of plant organs -- Carbon acquisition on the crop point in pea -- Dilution curve -- Carbon and nitrogen fluxes in the plant -- The seed quantity -- Abiotic stresses -- Biotic stresses -- A version which integrates wisdom on pea crop body structure and agronomic prognosis -- suggestion for a diagnostic method of examine yield diversifications in peas -- Genotype x atmosphere interplay for yield and protein focus -- clients for legume plants in France and Europe. summary: offers the prestige of information at the body structure of the pea crop. This e-book discusses vegetative and reproductive improvement, development lower than non-limiting stipulations, and the nitrogen meals of the pea crop. It then explores the results of the abiotic and biotic stresses at the improvement in addition to the expansion and nitrogen uptake by way of the plant. learn more...
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Additional resources for Physiology of the pea crop
The amplitude of the reaction varies with the variety. , (1999) showed that when sown in the field in autumn (short days) the Solara variety required 100 degree-days more than when sown in spring (long days) to reach floral initiation. The additional time required can reach 200 degree-days in a variety like Kazar. Berry and Aitken (1979), reported delays of around 25 days in the beginning of flowering at 18°C for the varieties Collegian and Greenfeast when cultivated under a photoperiod of 8 h instead of 16 h.
We have seen that in the absence of constraint the organ size differences between stem position are related to the duration of the cellular division phase. According to this expansion pattern where the duration of cellular division determines organ size, size should increase until phytomer 19, then remain constant for those following (Turc and Lecoeur, 1997). This organ size profile is obtained in the absence of constraint and competition between the different plant organs. The decreasing size of the organs located on the upper section of the stem is the consequence of the trophic competition between the reproductive and vegetative organs (Lecoeur, 1994).
1998 and Ellis and Poyser, 2002). , 2003). In the paragraphs that follow, we give the main results of physiological studies that characterized the transition to the reproductive stage and establish links with elements of characterization of the main flowering genes known today. • Effects of photoperiod Simultaneously with studies on floral mutants, certain authors reported the effects of photoperiod and temperature on cultivated varieties of pea. , 1999). As proposed in genetic studies by Murfet, the main characters reported to describe floral transition are the date of floral initiation and the beginning of flowering, and the position of the first flowering node.