By Venketeshwer Rao
Phytochemicals are biologically lively compounds found in vegetation used for nutrition and medication. loads of curiosity has been generated lately within the isolation, characterization and organic task of those phytochemicals. This publication is in accordance with the necessity for extra present and international scope of phytochemicals. It includes chapters written via across the world famous authors. the subjects coated within the ebook variety from their incidence, chemical and actual features, analytical systems, organic job, safeguard and business functions. The publication has been deliberate to satisfy the desires of the researchers, healthiness pros, executive regulatory businesses and industries. This ebook will function a customary reference ebook during this very important and speedy starting to be quarter of phytochemicals, human food and future health.
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Extra info for Phytochemicals as Nutraceuticals - Global Approaches to Their Role in Nutrition and Health
J. S. (2009). Antibacterial and Phytochemical Screening of Anethum graveolens, Foeniculum vulgare and Trachyspermum ammi. 30, (August 2009), pp. F. I. (1995). Antibacterial Activity of Carvacrol, Citral and Geraniol against Salmonella typhymurium in Culture Medium and on Frish Cubers. 6, (November 1995), pp. ; Groot, A. N. (2002). Screening of Plant Extract for Antioxidant Activity: a Comparative Study on Three Testing Methods. 1, (January/February 2002), pp. ; Arnold, N. & Wessjohann, L. (2009).
Among all extracts, 24 showed an outstanding antioxidant activity with IC50 ≤ 10 µg/mL. Cecropia pachystachya, Tibouchina mutabilis, Cupania oblongifolia, and Myrcia splendens were the most active (IC50 ≤ 3 µg/mL) (Table 4). 50 AP, Aerial Parts; F, Flowers; L, Leaves Table 4. Antioxidant activity of methanol extracts of the selected medicinal plants. 36 Phytochemicals as Nutraceuticals – Global Approaches to Their Role in Nutrition and Health The total antioxidant activity of the extracts is constituted by individual activities of each of the antioxidant compounds.
Phytocompounds of methanol extracts of the active medicinal plants. 04 AP, Aerial Parts; F, Flowers; Fr, Fruits; L, Leaves Sa, Staphylococcus aureus; Pa, Pseudomonas aeruginosa; St, Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium; Ss, Shigella sonnei; Kp, Klebsiella pneumoniae; Ec, Escherichia coli; Bc, Bacillis cereus. cmeans MIC ≥ 300 µg/mL a b Table 3. Antimicrobial activity of methanol extracts of the medicinal plants. The results of the antimicrobial screening of the most active extracts are summarized in Table 3.