By Anthony Harriott
Police and Crime regulate in Jamaica is a worthwhile addition to the sparse literature on policing in constructing states, and is the 1st examine of its style on a police strength in a Caribbean territory. The paintings examines the level and resources of police ineffectiveness in controlling crime. It assesses the standard of justice and declining public self assurance within the felony justice method. Police reform efforts, in addition to resources of cynicism between participants of the strength, are analysed. This research of policing and citizen-state kin is mainly correct to the tourism-dependent international locations of the Caribbean amid turning out to be popularity of the damaging effect of excessive premiums of violent crime on those economies. This e-book might be a lot valued through scholars of criminology and legal justice, specifically people with an curiosity within the Caribbean, in addition to the overall reader who's curious about problems with crime and policing.
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Police and Crime keep an eye on in Jamaica is a priceless addition to the sparse literature on policing in constructing states, and is the 1st examine of its style on a police strength in a Caribbean territory. The paintings examines the level and resources of police ineffectiveness in controlling crime. It assesses the standard of justice and declining public self belief within the felony justice procedure.
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Extra info for Police and Crime Control in Jamaica: Problem of Reforming Ex-Colonial Constabularies
Tighter integration in the US drug trade has facilitated the importation of guns, the development of multiclass criminal networks extending upwards into the social hierarchy, corrupt manipulation of the control agents of the state, and the corruption of whole communities and political institutions. 15 Jamaica, with its underdeveloped economy but highly materialistic culture, has made it possible for drug derived resources to be easily translated into social and political power. 4 Deportations from the USA 1987-94 Possession Possession Violent Other Year of Drugs of Firearm Crimes Crimes Immigration Breaches Total 1994 63% (545) 10% (87) 8% (73) 2% (14) 9% (77) 1993 70% (542) 9% (69) 5% (37) 8% (60) 8% (63) 771 1992 70% (517) 7% (54) 2% (16) 5% (36) 16% (120) 743 1991 69% (401) 4% (21) 4% (26) 4% (25) 18% (108) 581 1990 68% (419) 4% (25) 4% (23) 8% (50) 16% (97) 614 1989 57% (278) 3% (16) 5% (26) 2% (11) 32% (153) 484 1988 35% (190) 2% (9) 2% (13) 0 61% (330) 542 1987 16% (71) 0 (2) 0 84% (370) 443 Total 59% (2,963) 6% (283) 0 4% (214) 4% (196) 872 25% (1,268) 5,050 Source: Criminal Intelligence Division, JCF.
Historically, most murders were crimes of passion and disputes over personal property [Johnson 1987:34]. With the development of the society, increased urbanization and, consequently, a weakening of the intensity of interpersonal ties, these types of homicides may be expected to relatively (and perhaps absolutely) decline. 6 In 1993, for example, in 64 percent of the cases the offender was known to the victim, but paramours and spouses accounted for only 2 percent of all cases, other family members were 2 percent, and members of the same community 15 percent.
These coefficients are somewhat low, but later these scales will be Introduction xxxiii reconstituted in their constituent dimensions (as subscales) - with higher coefficients of reliability. To assist valid interpretations of the data and further qualitative exploration of the issues, the results were reviewed with a purposive sample of members of the JCF. In the third phase, two research sites were selected in order to study policing in a community context. The community is the most intensive point of police-citizen contact; it is where stable relationships are formed.