By Joseph B. Kuhns
Police Use of strength: an international standpoint is an engaging, foreign exploration of police use of strength, firearms, and less-than-lethal guns in countries world wide. The ebook is made out of 3 sections: the 1st specializes in using strength mostly, the second one explores firearms and lethal strength, and the ultimate part considers less-than-lethal guns, together with pepper spray, TASERs, and different rising applied sciences at present at the horizon.The essays amassed the following will offer readers with an figuring out of the colossal changes in how police use strength in numerous international locations, in addition to why police use strength otherwise lower than assorted types of executive. themes coated comprise use-of-force definitions, education approaches, coverage matters, abuse of police authority, use of strength in the course of interrogations, and using firearms through armed and unarmed police forces. eventually, there's an essay concentrating on how taking pictures and killing a suspect affects an officer within the months and years that persist with.
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Additional resources for Police Use of Force: A Global Perspective (Global Crime and Justice)
Police Force Ordinance and Crimes (Torture) Ordinance (Cap 427)). 3) Criminal law: HKP ofﬁcers are subject to criminal prosecutions for illegal use of force. In the case of HKSAR vs. , MA 470/98 (1998), four ofﬁcers of Special Duty Squad were found guilty of assaulting a drug offender by causing actual bodily harm. The judgment in the case provided extensive discussion of what happened and why the ofﬁcers ran afoul of the law. CONCLUSION This chapter investigates how HKP use-of-force is being conducted and controlled.
More speciﬁcally, the use of force is considered within the context of the following factors: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Level of resistance Perception of threat Ofﬁcer’s ability Minimal force Progressive and proportionate Last resort Table 3-1 Use-of-Force Continuum—Hong Kong Police Levels of Resistance Deﬁnitions Levels of Control Verbal advice/ control Methods Suggested Ofﬁcer presence/erection of barriers/verbal direction Psychological intimidation Non-verbal manner indicating attitude, readiness or threat Verbal noncompliance Verbal advice/ Verbal response showing unwillingness, control abuse or threats Ofﬁcer presence/erection of barriers/verbal direction/reinforcement Passive resistance Physical inaction designed to obstruct but not threaten Soft restraint control Remove by 2 or 4 ofﬁcers/Soft empty hand techniques (pressure points control/escort position/ transport wrist lock)/quick cufﬁng Defensive resistance Physical action intended to prevent control, might cause injury to oneself or others Hard restraint control OC foam/hard empty hand techniques (palm heel strike/stunning/knee strike/ front kick/angle kick)/ straight arm bar takedown/ iron wristlock takedown Active aggression Physical assault not intended to cause serious bodily injury (i) Hard restraint control or (ii) intermediate weapons OC foam/hard empty hand techniques (palm heel strike/stunning/knee strike/ front kick/angle kick)/ straight arm bar takedown/ iron wristlock takedown/ use of baton Deadly force assault Assaults intended to cause death or serious bodily injury Deadly force Use of ﬁrearm Source: Hong Kong Police General Orders 29-2.
PC X together with S/Sgt Y was on guard in the vicinity. Then, PC X saw a man coming out from the rear lane and joined with two other men. So, he chased after him. Consequently, PC X ﬁred three shots from his police revolver toward one of the men. He was later arrested. (Ting 1988, 21) 28 POLICE USE OF FORCE Following this report, the Superintendent in charge submitted the following report: I am satisﬁed that PC. X had the strong impression that a serious crime had been committed when he chased after the men.