By Adeel Khan
`Excellent and compelling'
`A provocative, passionate and stimulating new interpretation of ethnic nationalism'
`A major research that informs us of the politics and workforce pursuits in a single of the main unstable areas of the world'
`Very fascinating highbrow and political principles - refreshing'
`An proficient and lucid paintings that demystifies the politics of nationalism'
a huge problem Pakistan has been faced with because it got here into life is the self-assertion of varied ethinic teams, that have actively contested the legitimacy of the nation constitution. even though, regardless of the seriousness of this ethnic problem, there exists no unique learn of those movements—Politics of identification fills this vacuum.
Highlighting the function the nation performs within the lives of people, the book
–Studies either the pre-colonial and colonial kingdom process in India and the adjustments it effected until eventually India’s independence and the construction of Pakistan.
–Assesses the kingdom in Pakistan and explains its function in giving upward thrust to ethnic discontent.
–Studies 4 ethnic movements—Pukhtun, Baloch, Sindhi and Mohajir—demonstrating how proximity to or distance from country energy have stimulated their politics.
–Critically studies a few influential theories of nationalism and indicates how they've got no longer properly defined ethnic nationalism in a few components of the world.
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Extra info for Politics of Identity: Ethnic Nationalism and the State in Pakistan
147. 29. Seal, 1971, p. 8. 30. Heesterman, 1978, p. •53. 31. Cited in Sarkar, 1989, p. 35. 32. Fuller, 1989, p. 33. 33. Heesterman, 1978, p. 51. 34. Nehru, 1981, p. 304. 35. Fuller, 1989, p. 29. 36. 9 per cent. See Sarkar, 1989, p. 16. 37. Gellner, 1983, p. 1. 38. Cited in Sarkar, 19891 p. 36. 39. Seal, 1971, pp. 32-33. Seal has also included increase in population in the list but Sarkar has denied that population growth was one of the causes of Indian poverty, and has given the following figures which prove there was relatively little increase in population at the tum of the century: 282 million in 1891, 285 million in 1901, 303 million in 1911, and 306 milliqn in 1921.
There is a difference between a divided and a fragmented society: a divided society presupposes a unifying centre and a centralised authority, whereas a fragmented society does not have a unifying centre and a centralised authority. •In the fragmented society of pre-colonial India the concept of political unity did not figure, because authority there was segmented rather than centralised. Therefore the whole exercise of applying the modem concept of political unity and division to pre-colonial India is superfluous.
192. Breuilly, 1993, p. 1. Marshall, 1994, p. 404. Gellner, 1983, p. 40. Chatterjee, 1993, p. 5. Breuilly, 1993, p. 13. Anderson, 1991, p. 5. v' Chatterjee, 1986, p. 7. Cited in Anderson, 1991, p. 5. Smith, 1999, p. 39. Hobsbawm, 1990, p. 4. ), 1998, p. 6. Hroch, 1998, p. 95. Ibid. 3 ColonialStateand ColonialDifference in India The need of a constantly expanding market for its products chases the bourgeoisie over the whole face of the globe. -Marx 1 One of the most momentous contributions of colonialism.