By Gregory A. Waselkov, Peter H. Wood, M. Thomas Hatley
Thought of a vintage examine of southeastern Indians, Powhatan’s Mantle demonstrates how ethnohistory, demography, archaeology, anthropology, and cartography might be introduced jointly in clean and significant how one can remove darkness from existence within the early South. In a sequence of provocative unique essays, a dozen best students exhibit how various local american citizens interacted with rookies from Europe and Africa in the course of the 300 years of dramatic swap starting within the early 16th century.For this new and extended variation, the unique members have revisited their topics to provide additional insights in keeping with years of extra scholarship. The booklet comprises 4 new essays, on calumet ceremonialism, social variety in French Louisiana, the gendered nature of Cherokee agriculture, and the ideology of race between Creek Indians. the result's a quantity packed with targeted details and not easy, updated reappraisals reflecting the newest interdisciplinary learn, starting from Indian mounds and map symbolism to diplomatic practices and social constitution, written to curiosity fellow students and knowledgeable common readers.
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Extra info for Powhatan's Mantle: Indians in the Colonial Southeast, Revised and Expanded Edition
East of the Mississippi River, three of these interchanges or terminals deserve special attention. These are Mobile Bay, Apalachee Bay, and the bay at the mouth of the St. Johns River that extends inland to present Jacksonville. The routes of travel outlined for the upper section of the Southeast all connected with those three southern terminals. First of all, there is a natural drainage along the Tombigbee and Coosa-Alabama rivers funneling into Mobile Bay. The trail system northwest of Mobile Bay, passing through the Choctaw and Chickasaw towns, extended to the Mississippi River at present Memphis.
Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott, 1868), 5:253–61. 44. See table 1 in Peter Wood’s essay, this volume. For a more expansive contemporary estimate made during wartime, see Lachlan McIntosh, Letter to General George Washington, Savannah, April 12, 1777, “The Letter Book of Lachlan McIntosh, 1776–1777,” Georgia Historical Quarterly 38 (1954): 367. McIntosh reports the estimate of 20,000 gunmen for the combined southern tribes. At the usual ratio of ﬁve to one, this number of gunmen would imply a total population of 100,000, exclusive of the Caddos west of the Mississippi, estimated at about 5,000 at the time of the American Revolution.
James Adair, Adair’s History of the American Indians, ed. Samuel Cole Williams (1775; Johnson City tn: Watauga Press, 1930), 439. 33. Lester J. Cappon, “Travels of John and William Bartram,” in Atlas of Early American History, ed. Lester J. Cappon (Princeton nj: Princeton University Press, 1976), 33, 108. See also Mowat, East Florida, 25, 67–68. 34. Myer, “Indian Trails,” 736. Jean Baptiste Franquelin, “Carte de Louisiana, ou des voyages du Sr. de la Salle, 1684,” in The Jesuit Relations and Allied Documents, –, ed.