By Clive R. Hollin
Mental conception and technique have performed an important half in shaping our figuring out and interpretation of crime. Psychology and Crime provides a well timed and much-needed normal textual content masking the diversity of contributions psychology has made either to knowing crime and responding to it. The publication offers an obtainable assessment of concept and learn from criminology, sociology, and psychology, concentrating on 3 targeted subject matters. First, mental theories in regards to the criminal are mentioned, together with the way psychological illness is outlined. moment, the writer analyses society's reaction to crime - the function of police and the courts. ultimately, the e-book seems at crime prevention - either the rehabilitation of offenders and situational concepts for fighting crime.
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Additional resources for Psychology and Crime: An Introduction to Criminological Psychology
In other words, behaviour operates on the environment to produce changes which may be reinforcing or punishing. Any such behaviour, driving a car, writing a letter, talking to a friend, setting fire to a house, is operant behaviour. Behaviour does not occur at random; environmental cues signal when certain behaviours are liable to be reinforced or punished. Three elements give the concept of the three-term contingency which is central to behavioural theory: the Antecedent conditions prompt the Behaviour which in turn produces the Consequences —the ABC of behavioural theory.
In this light Jeffery’s comment, that ‘Young adults are more criminalistic than older adults for the reason that they 43 Understanding crime lack responses necessary to produce reinforcement’ (1965:297), can be seen as allied to the view that delinquency is caused by a deficit in socially skilled behaviour. Hunter and Kelley 1986). Henderson and Hollin 1983; 1986). Indeed, Furnham (1984) found no significant relationship between self-reported offending and level of social skills in a sample of adolescents.
Williams 1969), others have failed to replicate this finding (Moyer 1976) or, indeed, to show any relationship at all between EEG and delinquency (Hsu et al. 1985). Other brain dysfunctions such as Minimal Brain Damage and tumours have also been linked with crime (Kletschka 1966; Monroe 1978). While some of the more unusual conditions, such as brain lesions, may explain extreme individual cases, the case for a more general biological theory of crime is not well formulated at present. This is partially due to the lack of a sound data base, serious biochemical research has only been underway in this field for about a decade.