By Sarah V. Marsden
This ebook offers an in-depth research of ways statutory and 3rd zone firms have confronted the problem of facing former ‘terrorists’. supplying a theoretically powerful, empirically wealthy account of labor with ex-prisoners and people thought of ‘at threat’ of involvement in extremism within the uk, Marsden dissects the issues governments are dealing with in facing the consequences of 'radicalisation'. more and more, governments are suffering from the problem of facing those that became inquisitive about extremism, and but, relatively little is understood approximately how and why humans resign violence. Nor are latest efforts to ‘deradicalise’ extremists good understood.
Arguing that reintegration is a extra applicable framework than ‘deradicalisation’, Marsden seems intimately on the mechanisms during which humans should be supported to maneuver clear of extremism. by means of drawing out implications for coverage, perform and educational debates round disengagement from radical subcultures, this e-book makes an important contribution to a subject matter purely more likely to develop in value for students of criminological idea, terrorism and justice.
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Extra info for Reintegrating Extremists: Deradicalisation and Desistance
One mentor explained: Take for example, social exclusion, it might not be that we can say look right, in a year’s time, you’re gonna be moving to Hampstead or anything else, but it’s just a kind of realistic look at . . what small steps can be taken to get them on the road, if you like, to feeling like they’ve got a stake in society basically. So, if they haven’t got a stake, they’re not gonna feel like they’ve got anything to lose. [CG01] What follows develops the argument that reintegration is a more holistic and appropriate framework than ‘deradicalisation’ by which to interpret the move away from extremism.
Even the most basic data on recidivism is not collated systematically (Veldhuis and Kessels 2013), which makes understanding the impact of any intervention difﬁcult. Even where efforts to evaluate outcomes have been approached thoughtfully, they have faced challenges. In a study examining the work of Dutch reintegration efforts, Schuurman and Bakker (2016) found it difﬁcult to assess outcomes, in particular, because of the lack of a control group, the ongoing nature of the initiative they were examining and the need for extensive follow-up and monitoring.
They are explored more in the next section, but brieﬂy, risk reduction efforts focus on trying to address criminogenic needs – those deﬁcits and Fig. 1 Reduce risk of reoffending/ Encourage desistance Address denial and minimisation of offence Reject legitimacy of violence/crime in response to grievance Strengthen/repair family relationships Develop positive social networks/disengage from negative ones Training, education, employment Balanced identity Contextualised understanding of Islam Critical thinking Motivated to engage with the rehabilitation process Constructive relationship with Offender Manager Attend and comply with supervision process Deal with breach in licence through recall or warning Work with MAPPA to manage risk A framework for understanding the aims of work with those convicted of terrorism offences Aims Public protection 28 REINTEGRATING EXTREMISTS 2 REDUCING RISK AND ENCOURAGING DESISTANCE 29 individual needs empirically linked to reoffending.