By Guglielmo Cinque
This quantity collects the hot released articles of Guglielmo Cinque of the college of Venice, one of many world's best linguists. The publication is split into sections, the 1st on restructuring, a important subject in Romance syntax and with connections to different language teams besides. the second one half makes a speciality of the results of treating clausal useful heads as contributors of a common hierarchy within the area of morphosyntax, supplying a brand new standpoint on many complex difficulties bobbing up in numerous usual languages.
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Additional info for Restructuring and Functional Heads: The Cartography of Syntactic Structures Volume 4 (Oxford Studies in Comparative Syntax)
But it makes sense in an analysis in which particle + stem-agreement is treated as a surrogate form of inﬁnitive (itself absent or highly restricted in these varieties). In fact, it is tempting to view agreement here as nothing other than a way to render the stem a well-formed morphological word. If so, the possibility arises again of viewing the sequence (particle +) stemagreement as part of one and the same clause with the restructuring verb (in which case the observed unavailability of past tense on the embedded verb would follow from the fact that this is already marked on the restructuring verb or higher up).
Analysis of Cleft Sentence Formation). Such cases as (106a–c) under this analysis would receive the derivation indicated In(107a–c): (106) a. E’ tenerla per sé che non può It’s to keep it for himself that he can’t b. E’ di ripararla che non ha ancora ﬁnito It’s to mend it that he has not yet ﬁnished e. E’ a ripararla che ho provato/non sono riuscito It’s to mend it that I tried/did not manage (107) a. DP è [CP PRO tenerla per sé] 0i che non può FARE (‘DO’) ti (cf. E’ tenerla per sé ciò che non può fare ‘It’s to keep it for himself what he can’t do’) b.
D. A: Gianni la vede ancora? B: Sì. Continua/*La continua A: Is G. still seeing her? Yes. He continues. e. A: L’hai provato a riparare? B: Sì. Ho provato/*L’ho provato A: Have you tried to repair it? B: Yes. I have tried. 61 But this is not necessarily so. It depends on the precise analysis of the deep anaphor involved in NCA, which since Hankamer and Sag (1976) has been left rather vague. Deep anaphors are (beside pronominals) the do it proform, as well as our NCA. I take this to be no accident, and I suggest that the NCA following restructuring verbs is literally the null counterpart of do it (with agentive predicates and perhaps be it with stative predicates).