By Richard Alston
On March fifteenth, forty four BC a gaggle of senators stabbed Julius Caesar, the dictator of Rome. by way of his demise, they was hoping to revive Rome's Republic. as a substitute, they unleashed a revolution. by way of December of that 12 months, Rome used to be plunged right into a violent civil struggle. 3 men--Mark Antony, Lepidus, and Octavian--emerged as leaders of a innovative regime, which beaten all competition. In time, Lepidus used to be got rid of, Antony and Cleopatra have been dispatched, and Octavian stood by myself as sole ruler of Rome. He grew to become Augustus, Rome's first emperor, and by the point of his dying in advert 14 the 500-year-old republic was once yet a far off reminiscence and the beginning of 1 of history's maximum empires used to be entire.
Rome's Revolution offers a riveting narrative of this tumultuous interval of switch. Historian Richard Alston digs underneath the excessive politics of Cicero, Caesar, Antony, and Octavian to bare the event of the typical Roman citizen and soldier. He portrays the revolution because the hindrance of a brutally aggressive society, either one of the citizenry and one of the ruling type whose legitimacy was once below chance. all through, he sheds new mild at the motivations that drove males to march on their capital urban and slaughter their compatriots. He additionally indicates the explanations in the back of and the speedy legacy of the awe inspiringly winning and ruthless reign of Emperor Augustus. a captivating tale of historical battle, social upheaval, and private betrayal, Rome's Revolution deals an authoritative new account of an epoch which nonetheless haunts us at the present time.
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Additional resources for Rome's Revolution: Death of the Republic and Birth of the Empire
Conservatives have fondly admired a Roman people hating the idea of kingship and clinging desperately to the ideals of their Republic. In fact, the situation is likely to have been far more complex. For every senator ready to die for the Republic, there were many others, senators and plebs, who cared more for their own security and wealth and who had little commitment to any particular form of government. There were many who had done well from Caesar, and we may suspect that there were many who saw no problem in Caesar’s continuing dominance.
11 There is one exception to the general rule, the Roman army. A Roman army came into being when a magistrate was given permission to raise an army to conduct a campaign. The magistrate, often a consul (the senior magistrate who chaired the senate) or of consular status, would then hold a levy, normally conducted by more junior magistrates, which would enlist the required number of troops to serve in the legions. Those legions would then serve, sometimes for extended periods, in the provinces. During that time, the legions could develop ties of dependence on their commanders, and their commanders developed ties of loyalty to the troops.
His last words, words in which he employed a familiar Greek rather than formal Latin. Caesar fell to 23 knife wounds. He died at the base of a statue of Pompey, his blood spreading across the floor. To those who saw him, he must have seemed like a sacrificial victim, revenge exacted finally on behalf of his one-time friend and great enemy. But it is a different name that was exalted by the assassins. Leaving the senate, Junius Brutus raised his dagger and called out for Cicero. Caesar’s last words were to Brutus.