By Conor O'Dwyer
Here, Conor O'Dwyer introduces the phenomenon of runaway state-building on account of patronage politics in underdeveloped, noncompetitive occasion platforms. examining the circumstances of 3 newly democratized countries in jap Europe -- Poland, the Czech Republic, and Slovakia -- O'Dwyer argues that pageant between political events constrains patronage-led kingdom expansion.
O'Dwyer makes use of democratization as a place to begin, studying its results on different points of political improvement. targeting the hyperlink among electoral festival and state-building, he's in a position to draw parallels among the issues confronted by way of those 3 international locations and broader old and modern difficulties of patronage politics -- resembling city machines in nineteenth-century the USA and the Philippines after Marcos.
This well timed learn presents political scientists and political reformers with insights into issues within the democratization method the place acceptable intervention can reduce runaway state-building and domesticate effective forms inside a powerful and aggressive democratic system.
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Extra resources for Runaway State-Building: Patronage Politics and Democratic Development
Solidarity was the most dramatic example of this failure to translate the shared experience of opposition into organizational capital, but the same process occurred with the Czech Civic Forum (OF) and the Slovak Public Against Violence (VPN), all of which had been eliminated or totally weakened by . 17 As Ken Jowitt has described the culture of political nonengagement under communism, “The Party’s political monopoly and punitive relation to the population produced a ‘ghetto’ political culture in Eastern Europe.
Whoever comes to power is not only in a position to determine that most crucial of resources, the rules of the game, but also in a position to control the new bureaucracies and new government agencies. Given that much will now start from scratch, there are few if any legacies which will need to be accommodated. Party, inevitably, will make a diﬀerence. Peter Mair (1997, 172) This chapter lays out the theoretical framework driving the comparisons at the core of this book. It ﬁrst presents the broad outlines of runaway state-building in the core case studies: Poland, the Czech Republic, and Slovakia.
Herbert Kitschelt (), for example, has argued that Poland and the former Czechoslovakia long belonged to diﬀerent bureaucratic traditions before the communist era, that these diﬀerences carried through communism, and that they have reemerged in postcommunist politics. Such an argument allows for national diﬀerences in state expansion. It suﬀers, however, from two problems. First, even if there were diﬀerences in bureaucratic culture in these countries prior to World War II, it is a grave underestimation of the inﬂuence of communism in Eastern Europe to argue that political and social diﬀerences from before the interwar period simply reemerged after .