By David L. Martin
Booklet by way of Martin, David L.
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Extra info for Running city hall: municipal administration in America
Distinguishing characteristics of boss rule, which flourished until World War II, were several. First, the boss, often building upon ethnic affiliations, organized tight party control, including nominations, to win offices at each election (see box). Second, the classic boss usually did not hold public office, being accountable only to his followers in "the machine" and hence invulnerable to external political attack. In exchange for votes, to fill all the offices of Jacksonian Democracy, the boss delivered the goods in the form of social welfare and public improvements.
Home rule without revenue-raising power is a hollow shell. Home rule units should be allowed flexibility in spending, incurring debt, and the ability to tax themselves to the limit their citizens desire. Financial referendum requirements are ineffective controls for fiscal management because so few voters turn outunless there is a taxpayers' revolt. Any fiscal irresponsibility is the fault of elected officials, not a consequence of home rule itself. 5. Home rule with taxing authority erodes the state's revenue base and can lead to irresponsible local spending without state financial oversight.
Machine Politics: A Study of Albany's O'Connells. New York: Transaction Books, 1977. (A modern city political organization) Page 11 Teaford, Jon C. The Municipal Revolution in America, 16501828. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1975. S. Bureau of the Census. Census of Governments, 1987. vol 1, Governmental Organization. S. Government Printing Office, 1988. ) Page 12 2 A Creation of the State Cities and Municipal Law Whatever a city and its officials wish to accomplish depends upon its authority to act.