By Irene Rubin
Read or Download Running in the red: the political dynamics of urban fiscal stress PDF
Similar public affairs & administration books
Paul Krugman's renowned consultant to the commercial panorama of the Nineteen Nineties has been revised and up to date take into consideration monetary advancements of the years from 1994 - 1997. New fabric within the 3rd version comprises: a brand new chapter—complete with colourful examples from Llyod's of London and Sumitomo Metals—on how dicy habit may end up in catastrophe in deepest markets.
The hot York occasions bestselling writer of the govt. Racket is again with a scathing indictment of presidency waste. the govt. of the USA is a juggernaut of mismanagement, malfeasance and incompetence. regardless of the robust starting place laid down through the founding fathers, it really is headed to extinction.
Even if the federal appointment of U. S. judges and government department officials has continually engendered controversy, earlier stories of the method were restricted to specific dramatic conflicts and feature tended to view appointments in a vacuum with out regard to different incidents within the method, different legislative issues, or broader social, political, and ancient advancements.
- Food and Drug Administration Advisory Committees
- Organizational Assessment and Improvement in the Public Sector Workbook
- Copyfight: The Global Politics of Digital Copyright Reform
- In Baghdad: A Reporter's War
- Abuse of Power
Additional info for Running in the red: the political dynamics of urban fiscal stress
1 In a simplified model of the relationships between these aspects of growth and decline, more businesses attract more people, and more people require more space, which encourages annexation and/or new Page 28 construction. 2 Decline occurs when businesses are no longer competitive and either die or move out, creating a reduction in jobs, followed by population decline and lowered occupancy rates. 3 The fiscal impact of this pattern is loss of revenues on the one hand and inability to cut back costs to match the declining population on the other.
Yet the financial problems of the city were not over, and many of the underlying problems which generated fiscal stress were still unresolved. Budget Analysis From the point of view of budget analysis, what happened to the city to get into such a terrible bind? Was there a revenue shortfall? Were revenues overestimated? Did expenditures grow too rapidly? One of the first questions about the history of city revenues is whether revenues suddenly dropped below expectations for reasons beyond the city's immediate control, and whether such a drop caused Page 19 deficits in various funds.
While the new employees' salaries alone could not account for the size of the Street Department deficits, such a large expansion on the heels of discovering the extent of deficits seems odd. 5. From these data it is clear that there was an expenditure problem in addition to the revenue problems noted above. The Fire Department averaged budget increases of 14% a year for the five years preceding fiscal stress, the Police averaged 18% a year in increases, and the Street Department grew by an average of 21% a year.