By David Marcus
This booklet provides for the 1st time an in depth research of the Aramaic mnemonics, these brief witty sentences written in Aramaic as reminiscence aids, at the margins of 1 of the oldest extant biblical Hebrew manuscripts, that of the Leningrad Codex (1008 CE). the cloth is gifted in transparent effortless charts. each one mnemonic is determined along the Hebrew verses it represents, and each Aramaic a part of the mnemonic is put on an identical line with its Hebrew an identical, and either are highlighted in several fonts. This publication demonstrates the ingenuity of the Masoretes of their grand recreation to maintain the textual content of the Hebrew Bible accurately within the shape that it had reached them. It explains the cause of each Masoretic be aware represented within the mnemonics, and offers proof assisting the view that the Masoretes have been incipient grammarians.
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Additional info for Scribal Wit: Aramaic Mnemonics in the Leningrad Codex
Thus it is most likely that the mnemonic has been misplaced, and that it should apply to a different lemma that also occurs five times. However, the identity of that lemma is unknown. 2 The Masorah notes the five occurrences of the phrase ת־ה ֵחלֶ ב ַ וְ ֶא, apart from cases when it is preceded by תִשׁ ֵתּי ַה ְכּ ָליֹת ְ ( וְ ֵאExod 29:13; 29:22 [second occurrence]; Lev 3:4; 3:10; 3:15; 4:9; 7:4), to distinguish these occurrences from the eight cases of the phrase without וcj. (ת־ה ֵח ֶלב ַ ) ֶא.
2 The Masorah notes the ten occurrences of the qal form אַספוּ ְ ַ וַ יּto distinguish these forms from the thirteen cases of the niphal וַ יֵּ ָא ְספוּ. 3 THE CORPUS OF THE ARAMAIC MNEMONICS IN ML 47 Aramaic Mnemonic §10 Deut 8:71 Deut 8:7 Joel 1:20 2 זקףִקמ ִ ִִ ָמיִםִב ִל־א ֶרץ ֶ ָךִא ֶ יא ֲ יָךִמב ְ ֹלה ֶ הִא ֱ ָכּיִיְהו ִהִארִֶץִנַ ֲח ֵליִ ָָ֔מיִםִ ֲעיָ נֹת ֶ טוֹב ָ :הִוּב ָהר ָ יםִבּבּ ְק ָע ַ וּתהֹמֹתִי ְֹצא ְ ִרוֹגִא ֶליָךִכּי ֵ הִתּ ֲע ַ מוֹתִשׂ ֶד ָ ם־בּ ֲה ַ ַגּ ִשִׁא ְכ ָלהִנְ אוֹת ָ שׁוִּאפ ֵיקיִ ָָ֔מיִםִוְ ֵא ֲ יָב ְ :ַהמּ ְד ָבּר נחלייהִיבשין “the wadis are dry” 3 ִנחלייה wadis יבשין are dry Fol.
However, subsequent to the publication of that article, additional mnemonics came to light. 3 But the majority of the new cases were discovered after I conducted a systematic examination of all of Weil’s Mm cases that were not published in his Massorah Gedolah. Mnemonics §7 and §36 Schäfer identified mnemonic §64 at Lam 4:8 in his “Notes on the Masorah Magna,” 45*. 3 Judy came across Aramaic mnemonic §19 at Hos 13:12 (see Weiss, “The Masorah,” 294). This note occurs four times in ML but the first time it occurs in Weil at Num 13:8 (§906) it is with Hebrew simanim.