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Extra resources for Skills Upgrading: New Policy Perspectives (Local Economic and Employment Development)
Tackling the skills upgrading issue also requires changes in the education system. Young people should be prepared to face the challenges of modern labour markets and be equipped with communication skills ranging from literacy and numeracy down to IT and foreign languages. According to various reports, there is a mismatch between the skills taught in schools and those demanded by firms today. Even in low-skilled jobs, the use of computers and documentation sources, teamwork and problem solving are among the competencies demanded by employers for entry-level jobs.
These are of course not mutually exclusive and may be addressed simultaneously. 44 SKILLS UPGRADING: NEW POLICY PERSPECTIVES – ISBN 92-64-01250-8 – © OECD 2006 2. FROM WELFARE-TO-WORK TO WELFARE-IN-WORK: CONCEPTS AND POLICIES Employer-oriented approaches Enforcing training levies through government legislation In some countries, compulsory financial contributions for firms are enshrined in the legislation: employers are required to contribute up to a certain threshold on training or pay a training levy.
It includes general, vocational and enterprise-based training within a lifelong learning perspective (OECD, 2003b). Workforce development This is a term for training and skills development used especially in the United Kingdom and in the United States. It sits between training (which has a narrow focus) and education (which is broad) and covers a significant share of active labour market policies. More precisely, it consists of “activities which increase the capacity of individuals to participate effectively in the workplace, thereby improving their productivity and employability” (Performance and Innovation Unit, 2001, p.