By Alexander Todorov, Susan T. Fiske, Deborah A. Prentice (editors)
This compelling quantity presents a huge and available review of the rising box of social neuroscience. Showcasing an array of state of the art examine courses, major investigators current new methods to the examine of ways the mind affects social habit, and vice versa. The participants talk about the theoretical merits of taking a social neuroscience point of view and examine what their findings demonstrate approximately middle social mental phenomena. crucial subject matters contain emotion, motivation, attitudes, individual notion, stereotyping and prejudice, and interpersonal relationships. (20100924)
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Extra info for Social Neuroscience: Toward Understanding the Underpinnings of the Social Mind (Oxford Series in Social Cognition and Social Neuroscience)
2–2). This contrast showed a dissociation of activation peaks in the mPFC and ACC, such that reflective processing of traits, emotions, and mental states tended to activate more anterior points within these regions, whereas direct experience of emotion or pain more commonly activated posterior mPFC and ACC, regardless of whether the target was self or other. This anterior to posterior gradient is consistent with the idea that high-level, reflective, secondary appraisals about one’s own or another person’s emotions are neurally and cognitively separable from primary appraisals of the potential threat value of stimuli, supporting findings of individual studies.
Although these data suggest that direct processing of self-emotion and other emotion cues may recruit at least partially overlapping neural circuitry, this is certainly not the entire story. , 2002), and more recent metaanalyses suggest that these regions are associated with emotional experience, whereas the amygdala is not (Barrett, Mesquita, Ochsner, & Gross, 2007). Furthermore, an observational learning paradigm found that while watching someone else receive shock activated the amygdala, only subjects’ own fear of being shocked engaged ACC (Olsson, Nearing, & Phelps, 2007).
Together, these findings indicate that although perceivers may experience responses to their own pain and emotion that are similar to those experienced when they perceive pain and emotion in others, the functional networks through which these sensations are created may be importantly different. Reﬂective Processing of Self and Other The patterns of dissociation between self and other we observed when participants are in a direct mode of processing are the product of differential recruitment of systems important for processing be sensory information available for direct personal experience as compared to the indirect observation of others.