By Mario Malinconico
This publication exhibits how using biodegradable plastics in agriculture could have a profound optimistic effect on plasticulture. beginning with an natural chemistry method of biodegradable and compostable plastics, either average and artificial, it then analyzes the technological and agronomic features of current bioplastics for safe cultivation (mulching, direct conceal, low tunnels). It describes the recent sprayable biodegradable mulching technique, that's in response to using waterborne polysaccharides and cellulosic fibers. an extra bankruptcy describes the learn and know-how of biodegradable plastics for various agricultural practices. it's also chapters on existence cycle overview (LCA) of biodegradable plastics for agriculture, and present and constructing criteria within the box. it's a worthy source for agronomists, chemical and fabrics engineers, polymer technologists and scientists, in addition to for a extra basic readership attracted to the applying of eco-friendly chemistry ideas to the titanic global of crop production.
Mario Malinconico< is learn Director on the Institute of Polymers, Composites and Biomaterials, nationwide examine Council, Italy.
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Additional resources for Soil Degradable Bioplastics for a Sustainable Modern Agriculture
Field Crops Res 95:115–125 17. Adam A, Kouider SA, Hamou A, Saiter JA (2005) Studies of polyethylene multi layer ﬁlms used as greenhouse covers under Saharan climatic conditions. Polym Testing 24(7):834–838 18. Papadakis G, Briassoulis D, Scarascia Mugnozza G, Vox G, Feuilloley P, Stoffers JA (2000) Review Paper (SE- Structures and Environmental): Radiometric and thermal properties of, and testing methods for, greenhouse covering materials, J Agric Eng Res 77(1):7–38 19. Schreiner M, Mewis I, Huyskens-Keil S, Jansen MAK, Zrenner R, Winkler JB, O’Brien N, Krumbein A (2012) UV-B induced secondary plant metabolites—potential beneﬁts for plant and human heath.
Thompson RC, Moore CJ, vom Saal FS, Swan SH (2009) Plastics, the environment and human health. Phil Trans R Soc London Ser B 364(1526):2127–2139 5. Federal Register/vol 77(197)/2012/ Rules and Regulations; FEDERAL TRADE COMMISSION 16 CFR Part 260 Guides for the Use of Environmental Marketing Claims Chapter 3 Biodegradable Materials in Agriculture: Case Histories and Perspectives Sara Guerrini, Giorgio Borreani and Henk Voojis Abstract Many applications of traditional plastic in agriculture have a short life, which on average do not exceed 2 years and for precisely this characteristic generates large quantities of waste that must be adequately disposed.
Designing for complete biodegradability in soil after its intended use as mulch ﬁlm or other plasticulture products offers an environmentally responsible value proposition. Alternatively, these mulch ﬁlms can be collected and composted or anaerobically digested with farm and other bio wastes. The “complete biodegradability” approach has the potential to be more economically and technically viable than recycling as there is no need to transport, clean, recycle to usable product, and ﬁnally ﬁnd markets for these recycled products.