By Nelly Bekus
Nelly Bekus is a Belarusian social scientist and publicist, and a member of the ecu Cultural Parliament. She holds a Ph.D. in Sociology and is Assistant Professor on the East Slavonic eu reviews division, college of Warsaw.
Rejecting the cliché approximately “weak id and underdeveloped nationalism,” Bekus argues for the co-existence of 2 parallel ideas of Belarusianness—the reliable and the choice one—which mirrors the present kingdom of the Belarusian humans extra competently and allows a distinct interpretation of the interconnection among the democratization and nationalization of Belarusian society.
The publication describes how the ethno-symbolic kingdom of the Belarusian nationalists, in line with the cultural capital of the Golden Age of the Belarusian previous (17th century) competes with the “nation” institutionalized and reified through the various civic rituals and social practices lower than the auspices of the particular Belarusian nation.
Comparing the 2 thoughts not just presents realizing of the common sense that dominates Belarusian society’s self-description versions, but additionally allows us to guage the possibilities of different Belarusianness to win this unequal fight over identification.
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Extra info for Struggle over Identity : the Official and the Alternative Belarusianness
18 Apart from the ideological bond, there is a functional connection between nationalism and democracy: a national state is the “locus” of democracy. ”20 15 Hroch, From National Movement to the Fully-Formed Nation, 96. 16 Greenfield, Nationalism. Five Roads to Modernity, 10. 17 Frederick Hertz, Nationality in History and Politics. A Psychology and Sociology of National Sentiment and Nationalism (London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1951), 21. 18 Ghia Nodia, “Natsionalism i demokratia,” Predely vlasti no.
G. Suny and T. Martin (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001), 31. 17 Schöpflin, “Nationalism and Ethnicity in Europe,” 54. 18 Schöpflin, “Nationalism and Ethnicity in Europe,” 55. 19 From this perspective, non-Western socialist modernization had a considerable impact on nationalism comparable with that the “classic” capitalist modernization had had in creating conditions for nation-building projects. In this context it is quite explicable that the classic of the modernist theory of the nation E.
A. Anderson and B. Silver, “Equality, Efficiency and Politics in Soviet Bilingual Education Policy, 1934–1980,” in The Soviet Nationality Reader: Disintegration in Context, ed. R. Denber (Boulder: Westview Press, 1984), 371–72. 8 Terry Martin, “An Affirmative Action Empire,” in A State of Nations, ed. R. Suny and T. Martin (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001), 81. ”11 Sergei Maksudov and William Taubman write that the Soviet Union rested on three main pillars—“ideology, dictatorship and nationalism” against the three pillars of tsarist Russia—orthodoxy, autocracy, and narodnost [national spirit],12 thus, giving place to nationalism as a significant premise of state ideology during the Soviet time.