By Arthur Keaveney
The Roman Revolution is without doubt one of the such a lot momentous sessions of switch in background, within which an imperial yet quasidemocratic strength become an autocracy. This ebook experiences the way in which the Roman military replaced within the final 80 years of the Republic, in order that a military of imperial conquest grew to become reworked right into a set of rival own armies less than the regulate of the triumvirs. It emphasizes the improvement of what has frequently been considered as a static monolithic establishment, and its centrality to political change.
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We encounter similar problems when we look at the army with which he had fought the Germans. 195 In doing this he was able to call upon the support of Marius’ troops. 196 Undoubtedly many of these men were eligible to serve under a property qualification but, as we know, there may have been, in this hour of need, capite censi among them. If that is so, then the situation we suggested existed in the African army may have prevailed here too. 197 To divine the exact proportions of both types is impossible, since they were united in what they demanded.
Pompey was one of those who ran out of money. At the start of 74 he wrote from Spain to say he had been deprived of supplies and forced to call upon his own resources and credit, which were now exhausted. 266 But whichever occasion provoked Crassus’ remark we can see there is no need to connect it with the incidents we are considering. Broadly speaking these fall into two types. We encounter those who are without imperium and raise forces on their own initiative. 267 Marius did exactly the opposite to prove a point.
The authority of the state fades away and the soldiers become, in effect, the personal retainers of the general. This thesis was propounded in the 1930s by H. 17. Here Tullius parleys with Caesar, saying he wishes he had fought on his side rather than Cn. Pompey’s. Now he and his colleagues are public enemies, abandoned by Pompey and beaten by Caesar. They ask for mercy from Caesar, which they will receive. 33 THE ARMY IN THE ROMAN REVOLUTION Here, it is claimed, Tullius is not speaking in the capacity of a fighter for the respublica but simply as a soldier of Cn.