By Dick Welch, Olivier Frémond
This paper presents useful information to executive officers charged with handling case-by-case privatization courses. It identifies the major steps for privatization, describes sale concepts and the strategies for wearing them out, and examines exact stipulations. It outlines how governments may still adopt case-by-case privatization by means of picking easy ideas and customary demanding situations, describes numerous tools for valuing nation organizations, and explains the function of economic advisers and revenues brokers in valuing applicants for privatization and constructing sale innovations.
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Additional info for The case-by-case approach to privatization: techniques and examples, Volumes 23-403
356 Aryeetey, Hettige, Nissanke, and Steel, Financial Market Fragmentation and Reforms in Sub-Saharan Africa No. C. W. C. A. All rights reserved Manufactured in the United States of America First printing March 1998 Technical Papers are published to communicate the results of the Bank's work to the development community with the least possible delay. The typescript of this paper therefore has not been prepared in accordance with the procedures appropriate to formal printed texts, and the World Bank accepts no responsibility for errors.
Page 7 Box 3. Environmental aspects of privatization Many transition economies have suffered significant environmental damage from industrial activities. Privatizing industries that cause damaging pollution will require addressing environmental issues in order to reduce uncertainty for investors and the state. Failure to do so has delayed and even derailed many privatization transactions. The government should develop transparent and predictable regulations and incentives to reduce the risk and costs associated with environmental problems.
8 billion, and the downstream strategic business unit's direct sale brought $272 million. In addition, the new YPF paid $109 million in taxes in 1993 and $99 million in 1994. Dividends rose from $239 million in 1992 to $587 million in 1994. Profitability more than doubled, and productivity improved. Source: Privatisation International, various issues; World Bank staff. Book building. Setting the share price. Price setting will usually revolve around the discount from the market price required to sell the shares.