By Jeremiah B. McCall
In the course of the heart Republic the wealthiest Roman voters provided a cavalry contingent to each box military. every one cavalryman was once at risk of serve a greatest of ten years among the a long time of 17 and forty six. Cavalry carrier was once a exclusive kind of provider and a big mark of elite prestige. however, within the early first century B.C. 1 tactical devices of citizen cavalry disappeared and international auxiliaries provided all of Rome’s cavalry. The Romans had ended an establishment that had lasted for hundreds of years. the conventional reason for the top of the Roman citizen cavalry corps has endured for the higher a part of a century and got large help from historians.
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Extra info for The cavalry of the Roman republic
The two had been guestfriends, but Badius renounced his ties and challenged Crispinus to battle. Crispinus transﬁxed his spear in Badius’ shoulder, but Badius ﬂed and avoided his deathblow. 69 The year 211 seems to have been the beginning of a turningpoint for the Roman cavalry as Livy’s account of the creation of the velites in 211 suggests. According to Livy, the quickest of the light infantry armed themselves with small shields and seven javelins. Each cavalry trooper transported one of these soldiers to within missile range of the enemy.
32 Livy, on the other hand, noted two conﬂicting traditions concerning the Roman army’s size at Cannae. One suggested that the two consular armies – each consisting of two legions and an equal number of allied infantry – were supplemented with an additional 10,000 troops for a total of 50,000– 55,000 infantry. 33 This debate is important for us only in that it may change the rough order of magnitude of the citizen and allied cavalry contingents that day. If the Romans had attached 300 citizen cavalry to each legion, which is likely,34 the citizen contingent at Cannae would have roughly numbered either 1,200 or 2,400 depending on whether the Romans had four or eight legions.
Polybius wrote as if he or his source had ﬁrst-hand knowledge about the light cavalry’s spears and 30 EQUIPMENT AND TACK shields. How else would he have known the hides covering the shields peeled off when they got wet and the spears were so slender they sometimes broke before striking the enemy? Yet, so far as we know, the Romans did not systematize their religious records until around 300, and the ﬁrst historians of Rome wrote no earlier than the end of the third century. Therefore, it is extremely unlikely that anyone from the later fourth or early third century would ever have committed such a detailed description of cavalry equipment to writing.